Israel of God

Paul asserts that the promises made by God to the Jews have now been inherited by Christians, who are the faithful remnant (Rom. 9:6). Jesus' choice of the twelve indicates some sort of continuing relationship to the twelve tribes of Israel, even if the form of the saying at Matt. 19:28 reflects the eschatological understanding of the Christian generation after Jesus. Jas. 1:1 addresses the Church as ‘the twelve tribes in the Dispersion’ (cf. 1 Pet. 1:1) and Paul in Gal. 6:16 calls the Church comprising both Jews and Gentiles ‘the Israel of God’.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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